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How to Actually Use Apostrophe ‘s

In general, the apostrophe s (‘s) serves two functions: to contract words and to indicate possession. Let's take a look at this closely in the infographic below.

Grammar Corner How to Actually Use Apostrophe ‘s

 

The apostrophe s (‘s) serves two functions:

1. As contraction – to indicate one or more letters was dropped.

For example:

  • it is = it’s
  • they are = they’re
  • would have = would’ve

 

2. To indicate possession (ownership)

Just add ‘s at the end of a singular noun:

  • Grandma’s house (grandma owns the house)
  • my sister’s school bag (my sister posses the school bag)
  • Liza’s car (Liza owns a car)
  • Charles’s apartment (Charles owns an apartment) – pronounced: Charleses

Singular nouns that end in "s", you add 's, for example:

  • the actress's role
  • Ms. Lewis's cat

 

3. Plural Nouns

Only add ‘ (just the apostrophe symbol) to a plural noun:

  • my sisters’ books
  • my parents’ room
  • the cats’ kittens

 

For plural nouns that do not end with an s, you add 's:

  • the children's toys
  • the women's restroom

 

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