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TEFL Videos - TESOL TEFL Reviews - Video Testimonial - Zeneb
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
"There is a wide range of theories when it comes to behaviour, learning and development of the English language. Breaking these down into 4 major theories is: 1. Maturation ? focuses on physical and mental development through patterns or a sequence of events. 2. Environmental ? Behaviour is developed through our surroundings. 3. Constructivism ? Individuals develop their own understanding through a mixture of their surroundings and their own experiences. 4. Cognitive ? thinking and differing the mental processes from internal and external factors. There are 4 stages to learning behaviour and English within the Cognitive Theory. There are some factors and key points when learning the English language (L2). Some students will try to convert back to their native language (L1) or translate between L1 & L2. Using experiences from L1 can be related to learning L2. Adults tend to learn quicker than young learners and the easy parts of the English language are usually learned later. Working in groups or pairs the children should be given problem solving opportunities using the language being taught. In the classroom the use of L1 should not be totally eliminated as the teacher can try and make the L2 learning very similar. The ages for young learners can be broken into two groups, group 1 age 5-9 years old and group 2 age 9-13 years old. With these two groups the teacher can approach the teaching styles a bit differently coordinating along with their characteristic traits. The students receptive and productive skill levels will vary so breaking them into two groups can help identify what level they are at or should be at. Group 1 ? The teacher should have a large selection of activities reflecting on the students likes and dislikes which involve a lot of speaking and repetitiveness between the students and the teacher. Students of this age like to be active and enjoy talking, singing, acting, drawing, playing games, stories. Their attention span and memory can be low. Group 2 ? You will find with this age group they enjoy communication and interacting with their friends, playing games, thinking and the technology world including computers, phones, tv, music and social media. The teacher should plan the lessons or activities in relation to the ESA method using either a straight arrow, patchwork or boomerang method with the focus on student talk time rather than the teacher. This age group tends to memorize and have a higher attention span. The teacher?s role in the classroom will change depending on the activity taking place and the teacher should arrange the students accordingly. Each seating arrangement will have its advantages and disadvantages which should always be taken into consideration. As an example seating in a circle everyone can see each other however; it can be difficult for board work as some may not be able to see the board. Semi-circular can be an advantage when doing group work as everyone can see and move around easily. Grouping tables together or one long table is another option for seating arrangements with in the classroom. The student?s age, behaviour and development levels play a big factor for the teacher in the classroom. The teacher will get to know the students and be able to plan the lessons and activities accordingly. "