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Past Perfect Tense (Structure & Examples)

Past perfect tense indicates the finished or completed actions of the past. For example, I had taken eaten two pieces of cake before my friend finally showed up.

Grammar Corner Past Perfect Tense (Structure & Examples)

 

Past perfect tense indicates the finished or completed actions of the past. For example, I had taken eaten two pieces of cake before my friend finally showed up.

 

Signal Words for the past perfect

  • before yesterday
  • already
  • when
  • until that day

 

Structure

Subject + had + Past participle (v3)

He had traveled last year.
He/she/it /I/we/they had Past participle(V3)

Positive Sentences

To make the positive sentences, we use the following structure:

Subject + had + Past participle (V3)

Examples of positive sentences

  • The player had broken his foot before the game finished.
  • Sylvie had completed the assignment before she went to school.

Negative Sentences

We add ‘not’ after auxiliary verb to make the sentence negative.

Subject + had + not + Past participle (V3)

Examples of negative sentences.

  • The player had not broken his foot before the game finished.
  • Sylvie had not completed the assignment before she went to school.

Question Sentences

To make the question, ‘had’ come at the start of the sentence and question mark at the end.

Had + subject + Past participle (V3) + ?

 

Examples of question sentences.

  • Had the player broken his foot before the game finished?
  • Had Sylvie completed the assignment before she went to school?

 

 

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