Lesson planning Dos and Don'ts


Why bother with a lesson plan?

IT'S AN AID TO PLANNING: A lesson plan helps you identify a clear destination for your lesson.

IT'S A WORKING DOCUMENT: It helps you to mark out the route to that destination.

IT'S A RECORD: A lesson plan helps you keep track of what you have covered with your students. It also helps other teachers cover your lesson if you are ill.


Keep it simple. If you need to refer to it in a lesson, a quick glance should tell you what you need to know.

Don't write a script of the lesson.

Structure your plan and keep the same structure.

Note the expected timing for each activity.

Activities should be connected giving the lesson a logical pattern.

Variety is needed to keep students engaged.

Try to anticipate student responses to questions.

Do not stick rigidly to the plan, be flexible when necessary.


TEACH: Be prepared to respond to students' needs in the class. Keep your eye on the objective but be flexible.


Who are your students?

What are your goals?

What materials/equipment will be needed?

How long will activities take?

What are potential problems?

How does it fit with previous and future lessons?


How did the lesson go?

Did you predict potential problems well?

What parts of the lesson worked and what didn't?

How could they have been done differently?

What parts of your teaching need improving?

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit had me furthering my study into tenses, this time focusing on future tenses. After thoroughly reading through the material within this unit i feel confident in my understanding of the proper use of future tenses their forms and usages, form the small differences between continuous future and be going + infinitive ( going to' future} to the proper grammatical structure.In this unit I learnt about the types of material that can be used and how/when to use then. I learnt about authentic and non authentic material and the advantages and disadvantages of each. It's always good to try and use authentic material as it is usually more interesting for the students as it can be tailored to their specific situations for example using a company brochure.

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