Etiquette Asia


If you want to teach English as a foreign language, it is important to make sure you are as well prepared as you can possibly be before entering a classroom. It is equally important to have a good understanding of the country and culture you are hoping to make your home while you are teaching. Below we look at some important aspects of etiquette in different countries in Asia. The teacher holds a position of respect in many Asian countries and is expected to behave in a way that reflects that respect. Dress for teachers tends to be formal and women should avoid wearing anything too revealing. Although many locals understand a foreign teacher's lack of understanding about local customs, taking the time to learn and show interest can make a real difference to your experience.

CHINA Manners/Behaviour: You should avoid pointing when you are speaking to another person and whistling is considered rude. When dining, it is polite to taste all the dishes that you are offered by your host. Placing your chopsticks upright in your bowl is similar to joss sticks which are a symbol of death, so this should be avoided.

Communication: Shaking hands is an appropriate greeting but you should wait for the Chinese person to offer their hand first. The most common form of greeting is a bow or a nod.

SOUTH KOREA Manners/Behaviour: As in many Asian countries, beckoning someone with your index finger is considered extremely rude; instead you should point your hand with the palm down and waggle your fingers towards yourself. When giving or receiving gifts you should use your right hand with you left hand touching your right wrist or elbow.

Communication: The traditional greeting in Korea is the bow, though this may also include a handshake. Touching your right forearm with your left hand when shaking hands is a sign of respect. Say goodbye with a bow when leaving social events.


Manners/Behaviour: Do not point at things and do not blow your nose in public. When visiting a person's home you should bring a gift and you should take off your shoes before entering their house. Finishing all of the food on your plate or drink in your glass is a sign that you want some more. If you have had enough, leave something on your plate or in the glass.

Communication: The bow is the common way of greeting in Japan with higher status people getting a deeper bow than others. Usually, a slight bow is acceptable as is a handshake. Japanese people tend not to use the word 'no'. Expect less definite expressions such as 'maybe' to actually mean 'no'.


Manners/Behaviour: The head is of great importance in Thailand and you should never touch another person on the head. The feet are considered dirty and should not be pointed at anyone or used to move anything. Gift giving is not as formal as in other parts of Asia, but bringing friends and colleagues gifts of food to share after you have been away is appreciated.

Communication: Thais greet each other with a wai (placing the palms of both hands together with fingers extended). A smile in Thailand can mean anything from an apology to a sign that the person is embarrassed.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit gave an introduction to the course's structure for lesson plan building, using the Engage/Study/Activate method in either the Straight Arrow, Boomerang or Patchworks methods. It also gave an overview of different teaching methods that should be used to create as much language exposure as possible for a student while maintaining a low stress and encouraging environment.I think the most interesting thing I learnt in this unit is the different types of ESA Structures, especially the Boomerang, Straight Arrow and Patchwork ESA structure. It provides variation to teach in class, which is good depending on the learner. I also like the part on teaching vocab and grammar structure as it gives some tips on what kind of vocab I should teach in class.

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