The ESA Methodology of Teaching - Types of ESA Lessons

 

This particular methodology is known as a straight arrow ESA lesson. If every single lesson that we undertook with our students was a straight arrow ESA lesson then it is quite possible that the students would be able to predict what is going to come up next and whilst this is good for the lower level students, then it could potentially become a little bit boring for our higher level students. So what Harmer did in his ideas about ESA, was to generate two other types of ESA lesson that we can use to try and generate a little bit more interest. So, the other two types of ESA lesson that we can follow: The first is known as a boomerang lesson and the second is known as a patchwork lesson and what we're going to do is to have a look at those other types of ESA lesson in a little bit more detail. Okay, so what we'll do now is to go through each of the types of lesson to see how they are created. The straight arrow, as its name implies, is just running through each of the three phases E, S and A in a straight line. The second type of lesson is known as the boomerang and, as the name implies, what happens in a boomerang lesson, is that we send something out to start with and that comes back to us. A boomerang lesson would be something like this. We always start whatever type of lesson it is with an engage phase. That's to get them talking and thinking in English. From the engage, we then move directly into an activate activity before we have studied any of the language. What is likely to happen here is that the students are not going to create the perfect language, either in terms of their vocabulary or in terms of the grammar. So, this is going to indicate a gap in the students? knowledge. What we can then do, knowing what that gap in the knowledge is, is to study that particular gap and once we've completed that, we can then reactivate in the second activate phase to see whether they are able to use that knowledge. In the patchwork ESA lesson, really all we can say here is that we're going to start with an engage phase, we're going to end with an activate phase and really anything we like can happen in here, in terms of the A's and the S's and the E?s. So, in the patchwork lesson, what we're doing is putting together all of these different components E, S and A in no particular order. What we'd like to do now is to have a look at actual examples of each of these three types of lesson so that you get a clearer idea of what they might involve.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit covered \"if\" questions and reporting speech. There are 5 conditionals of \"if\" labeled 0, 1, 2, 3, and mixed. Direct speech is spoken straight to the listener. Reported speech is being reported through a third party. An example is person X talks to person Y and then tells person Z what person Y said. This lesson would be for students who are at the advanced level.This unit is about understanding how people learn through listening and reading. The most significant part of the unit to me is the fact that it recognizes the use of popular media as a way to generate interest in language learning. This is because there has seemed to be a reliance on lessons that revolve around things that lack the ability to generate interest on their own.

Apply now & get certified to teach english abroad!


;

 

 

Apply for your TEFL/TESOL Course!
  • 1The application process is free and does not commit you in any way.
  • 2Anyone fluent in English and aged 18+ is eligible for our courses.
  • 3No previous experience or qualifications are required.
  • 4Apply today and receive a free e-guide covering the basics of TEFL/TESOL.
  • 5Sign up for your course before Feb, 03 2020 and receive an additional course free of charge.*
* Applies to in-class courses, combined courses, diploma courses and 120-hour online course with tutor and videos
Course Details
 
Personal data
Additional Information
Country

Where would you like to teach? (optional)

The personal information we collect on this page will be treated in accordance with our privacy policy.
By submitting this form you declare to have read and agreed to the Terms & Conditions.

If you want to take a specialized course (CTBE or CTEYL) click here

If you want to take a standard course, click here