Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Spelling Patterns


As mentioned earlier, our example sentence has used a regular verb 'to play'. With the regular verbs we simply add '-ed'. This spelling pattern changes for words that end with a consonant and a Y: 'cry' goes to 'cried', 'try' to 'tried'. Another spelling pattern we have to be aware of is our consonant plus vowel plus consonant. In these instances, we double the consonant used: 'shop' needs the double P; 'ship' needs the double P. With these spelling patterns, and most spelling patterns in general for the English language, there are always exceptions to the rules. So we have to be aware of those exceptions. We also have to impart those exceptions on to our students. We can do so through various exercises and various activities to end our class. To form the negative sentence here, again, our subjects are in the beginning of the sentence. We keep our helping verb, whether it be have or has, and between our helping verb and the main verb in our sentence, we, of course, add the word 'not'. For forming the question of the present perfect tense again we're going to follow on with our form of inverting the subject and the helping verb. Now, we'll begin with 'have' or 'has', so we end up with questions such as 'Have I played football today?' or 'Has she played football today?'

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Unit 2 gave good content around basic parts of speech; nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and articles. It then broke it down into more specific types of each of the parts of speech and gave examples. It was good to have the common mistakes that people make when speaking or writing in English given, so a teacher will know what to look for and help correct with their student.I enjoyed this unit very much! I am already using quite a few of these techniques in my classroom, but have learnt a few new ones to try out. This unit has already provided me with clear explanations of how different classroom management styles are needed in different classrooms/situations. I am glad to see that so far I am on the right track in managing my class. Thank you!

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