Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Perfect Continuous


We can see that this particular usage of the unfinished past can be used for both the present perfect and the present perfect continuous. Where we've got action verbs, we usually prefer to use the present perfect continuous. However, there are state verbs which don't usually go into the continuous form, such as 'know'. We would say 'I have known her for 10 years,' not 'I have been knowing her for 10 years.' So when we have these state verbs, such as 'know', 'be', 'seem' and 'appear', we would usually put these in the present perfect but with the action verbs, such as 'play', 'cook', 'work', we will use these in the present perfect continuous. Normally, we also use the present perfect continuous fairly frequently with words, such as just or recently to express a recently completed action with the present results, for example 'I am tired because I have been playing football.'

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit is based on teaching pronunciation and phonology. The unit explains phonology to be the study of the physical properties of sound. Thus, the unit explains how letters in a word are intimated and stressed in different manners. The ability to stress words is dependent on the use of the vocal tract. These different phones are standardized through the phonetic alphabet.This unit introduced me to the foundational building blocks of how to teach English to students. It provided an overview of the various methodologies and theories commonly used, and showed me that there are many correct and effective approaches. Additionally, it seems like these approaches can be combined or modified depending on the class's needs, and perhaps often should be.

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