Lesson Planning - Part 2 - What does a lesson plan contain?


So, the document itself needs to contain some general information about the class, for example the name of the teacher, the date and time of the lesson, what level of class is being taught and in what room, how many students are we expecting, this is important, when we've got things like photocopying and materials to do, what is the context of the lesson, in other words, what is the lesson actually about, what vocabulary or grammar point is this lesson covering and sometimes it's also useful to write out what the focus of the lesson is. So, in effect, the context of the lesson is telling us the grammar point, for example, that might be the present continuous tense, whereas the focus is telling us how we're going to go about teaching it. Another example to illustrate this: Let's imagine that we were teaching a starter class about color. Then, our focus could be the way in which we're going to teach them about color. So, we could be using clothes or we could be using fruit and vegetables. So here, the context would be color and the focus would be fruit, vegetables, clothes or whatever.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This Unit was very challenging for me. Especially the part where I had to learn the Phonemic Symbols and how exact word is pronounced. By learning each different part of anatomy of the mouth and each definition of part was challenging. On top of learning the physical parts, describing how to pronounce each words would be very difficult. I hope I'll be able to master this part.This is a very knotty grammar area and one which is obviously extremely difficult to teach, probably mostly because even native speakers often do not employ the strictly correct versions of conditional tenses and in colloquial speech they are often dropped altogether. This was a useful review of the sequence of tenses for the conditional and how to practise them with students.

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