TEACHING METHODOLOGY: What is CLIL, and how to apply it in online ESL classes?


hey there it's lizzy here and i'm super glad to welcome you to today's
live session um today i'm going to talk about um
methodology and uh the reason i chose this topic is that um in my previous live streams
many um viewers many um many of you who watched my uh previous
live streams uh requested to dwell upon this point so i decided
that it's a great topic to discuss over this live session uh and by the way
um i am an online esl teacher uh so i always try to
implement um this teaching methodologies uh in my online esl lessons so
everything i try to deliver via these live streams is actually based
on my personal experience um i also try to
find some useful tips on the internet uh so uh it's it's not
something super uh special or unique um everything related to teaching
methodology um can be found uh in the uh free
resources uh so it's something uh to um research easily
in general and this live session is supported by itttt we are a leading
uh tefl and tesol uh training uh provider uh so if you are interested
in um teaching english or traveling abroad make sure you
check out our content on facebook or on youtube for example and
um also these live sessions take place twice a week i go live every
every tuesday and my colleague linda she um shares her personal experience and
teaching experience uh every friday and by the way she is based in south
korea so uh if this destination is interesting to you um
make sure you check out her content as well uh and let's move on let me um
zoom in my screen yeah so that you could see um all these slides uh
so today's point uh is circled around clil which is a really popular
teaching methodology nowadays uh and i believe that uh many of you uh
have already been acquainted with this point um i am also um
interested in implementing that this methodology in online teaching
that is why um i'd like to share like some ex some examples of
uh how to use it uh in online teaching uh but in general clue can be
implement implemented in a real classroom as well and um actually there are many
um schools which try to base their um curriculum uh on this
methodology and uh it is still a great point uh to research uh because
not all uh curriculums uh can uh correspond to um
the needs of this methodology uh so let's move on let me uh change the
slide quickly so here you can see today's agenda
i hope that we will spend approximately 45 minutes on discussing all major points related
to this methodology so i will talk about um like the definition of clil
um what key points it consists of uh and of course how to implement it
uh in your classroom all right um and just just as a reminder
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all right so let's begin and let's discuss uh clil uh as the most interesting
methodology probably and um yeah here you can see
um what it stands um for so it's content and language integrated
learning uh oh and by the way guys i forgot to mention that um i always appreciate
if you share some uh greetings or comments uh over the comment section and if you
see and hear me clearly feel free to comment right right now like because i'm
basically uh speaking to myself because i i can't see anyone um behind the camera
uh so if you support me a little bit uh it it should be awesome thanks a lot
and let's continue so clil stands for content and language
integrated learning and um it is where a subject
is taught in in the target language rather than the first language of the
learners uh in clear classes um tasks are designed to allow students to focus
on and learn to use the new um language as they learn the new subject
content for example there are many bilingual schools where
this approach is applied to teach math uh geography history
and various uh other subjects so um yeah clil is an interesting
technique but it it's rather challenging and i'll explain why um in the following
slides so now we're going to um look at this methodology
a little bit uh closer and we will discuss um first of all
uh the perfect clear teacher um persona if i might may put it like this then
we will discuss um the methodology itself like what it is based on and stuff like that
um and we will also look at some types of resources suitable for uh cleal methodology
for the clear methodology all right hello guys i cannot actually see your comments uh
thanks for um tuning in thanks for thanks for watching and yeah
um i hope that you will love uh today's point uh and if you uh have already
implemented um some parts of it in your english lessons feel free to comment uh
i'm also curious about um your experience uh in terms of methodology so don't
worry and share your experiences as well okay um all right so
the first problem uh which lies upon the surface
i should say is um some teachers factors uh so
uh to begin with it is really important to consider um who is the most perfect
um person to teach uh using this clear methodology
and uh it is actually uh interesting to for me it was interesting to learn that
um here while implementing clue
non-native teachers may succeed um a little bit more um
in contrast with native english teachers so it's actually a myth that native
speakers uh make better clear um make better clear teachers uh than
non-native speakers uh in in many ways
sorry in many ways native speakers have challenges to teach clil
which non-native speakers do not in most cleal classrooms the teacher
speaks the same mother tongue as the children and this can be a huge advantage
and it it can be an equally large disadvantage as well if the teacher
doesn't know the language the children speak at home so uh
probably it's extremely important to have to be like bilingual somehow
for example if you are a native speaker a native english speaker it's a great um thing to
be proficient uh in a second language if you work with a specific classroom
where clil is implemented and strategic use
of the mother tongue should be encouraged in the cleal classroom if it supports
learners in developing the foreign language whatever the background of the teacher
they need to be able to moderate their language so that it is at the right input level
uh for the learners um they work with and um and native speaker
speaking at full speed um using colloquialisms slang and cultural
referencing can cause a lot of difficulties um for clear learners so this is
probably why native english speakers sometimes are not the best however
they might represent like um the the best example
in terms of um speaking and for instance uh when i taught uh in a bilingual
classroom in china uh native english teachers uh who didn't have a prior
teaching training actually straw struggled in moderate um struggled in moderating
their language to students ability
hotels and needs um okay so this is why
uh it is probably really important uh to make sure that you are able to
correspond students um goals and um
you can be uh on like on their level while teaching some specific
points and here in this uh slide you can see that it is
also important uh to to at least address the b2 level
uh when you teach using this uh methodology uh because probably if you are um
like lower if you are intermediate uh as a teacher then you are probably not
that flexible when doing your job so it is still important to be
advanced or even proficient in your uh english speaking skills and english in general
um okay and let's move on to the methodology itself
so in short clear classroom
so in short a clill classroom um needs to be communicative uh
making use of lots of visuals and embed embed the content
in a form that learners can easily understand
it also needs to have learners collaborating as much as possible and uh
probably it's a great idea if um it is challenging cognitively uh
and it is a sequenced in a way that uh moves learners uh from um
cognitively less demanding um and and context uh embedded position
through personal talk over the ideas on the most
on the more cognitively challenging and less context embedded public talk
and also to some writing activities as well
so um clil methodology is the methodology to be implemented
uh for all um four skills for all four um language skills
which are um speaking writing reading and listening so it's actually
possible to adjust your teaching uh to all all those four skills um
of using a language okay all right
and uh when it comes to the resources there are actually two main
problems first the language demands of native speaking
textbooks will be very high not just the subject-specific uh
language but also the general academic language um which has some
uh hidden learning um contexts and stuff like that and
this means that for clear classes which um with imported books
uh to be effective the teacher needs to um to do a lot of adaptation
which itself is very time consuming and energy consuming
and here i actually have another example from my own english learning background
so when i studied at university uh on the second year of studies
we had math analysis classes uh for for half a year and um
we were students from the linguistic department so we didn't know anything
about math at that time i personally didn't like those um classes at all
because they were just not for me i was a humanitarian you know um and
our teacher he was from the i.t department he was super excited to learn um
students from the linguistic department plus he was
interested in english itself because he was learning english as well so
unconsciously he chose the clear methodology like the clil approach
in his um classes and for some reason probably there were
no um no text books or no materials in english
so he decided to use authentic textbooks designed specifically for
native english speaking students so we as
students from the linguistics department failed to understand almost all
directions he he had or textbooks had had and it was a real
challenge to go through the course uh because um we we couldn't understand anything
basically so um like frankly speaking if you are a
subject teacher um which is actually normal when you implement cli uh like the clean methodology
it's super important to be uh trained in the cleal approach as well
but not just in your subject matter uh because if you know the subject it
doesn't mean that you can actually explain it clearly uh in in the target
language uh so that was probably the most important
issue um that my teacher had so he was just
a math teacher but he wasn't a math teacher trained to teach using this clear
methodology so that was a real disaster and i didn't
like those lessons um and when it comes to
um another point which is translated textbooks um will
still uh translated textbooks uh can can still be linguistically
at at too high a level for learners if they aren't moderated down to
uh reach the learner's level and um they will have they they may
have language which is sophisticated in the native language
uh but too simple in english uh and what else um
how sorry let me think about it a little bit more so translated textbooks um can
also exhibit other problems they can be produced without any
pictures or illustrations presenting quite um literally a textbook which is a book of
text so um for for the clear methodology
it's super important that everything is um supported by visual aids
and clues so that students could comprehend the content easier
and um so based on everything that i have just mentioned
clear textbooks need to be written around a skill based
curriculum so which is why i added this arrow to the task-based
resources so probably
it is even better if um a textbook is designed specifically for uh the
clear methodology for the clear classroom and uh to exemplify this point um
i'd like to mention that um there are many online schools um nowadays that invest in designing
clear lessons from scratch and for example last year i worked for
such a school um and each fourth lesson of the curriculum
uh was devoted to cross-cultural communication where students learned about customs
and traditions in other countries in english so it was not
um it was not um a lesson based on english skills
but rather on understanding some other points some other subjects
with the means of like english language so it was
important to use some uh skills that students have already had
and implement them when discussing some cultures and traditions
so that was um pretty successful i believe i mean the strategy
of the online school was pretty successful uh but i would say that their content was
probably not not the most um beautiful and uh interesting
as for me but i think that my um students who were like
seven or eight years old they actually enjoyed discussing those points
okay and let's move on to the cleo lesson framework
so now we are going to dig a little bit deeper into how it is
actually organized and um to begin with um
this is the scheme um which is like used when designing
a typical uh clear lesson and we've already discussed that uh in a
clear classroom it's actually important that language is used to learn
as well as to communicate and it is the subject matter which
determines the language needed to learn so basically a clear lesson
um is therefore not a language lesson neither i is
is it a subject lesson transmitted in a foreign language and according to the uh four c's com
um curriculum a successful clear lesson should combine elements of content
communication um cognition and culture so um if
um a lesson contains these four key points uh it is based on the clil
lesson framework and in many ways a clear lesson
is similar to an elt integrated skill lessons um except that it includes exploring
um it includes exploration of language um
and it is delivered by a teacher uh who is trained in the clil methodology
and the lesson is based on materials directly related to a content-based
subject both content and language
are explored in a clear classroom and clear approach and the clear approach
uh is not far removed from uh humanistic communicative and lexical approaches
uh in esl and it aims uh to guide language uh processing
and supports language production um in the same way um as it is done in the
esl um courses um in the like in the esl course
techniques uh so basically uh cleal
methodology helps to um develop all four language
skills which are reading listening speaking and writing
and uh yeah so we've already discussed this um
lesson play framework um but yeah just let me comment on each point uh once
again so um basically um a clear a typical clear lesson might be
based uh on a text uh it can actually be either written
or spoken um it it may vary so it depends on the context
and on the content you offer to your students so first students are
exposed to the text then they dig deeper in understanding its
structure uh using some visual clues and maybe some graphs um charts and so on
uh later they work on understanding and um processing
some possible linguistic devices such as uh like lexical units and grammar
uh and finally they are offered uh to produce a target language um through
various content-based activities uh so in a nutshell uh lessons
clear lessons are those lessons which are integrated in school
curriculum which means that teachers um of english
aren't um supposed to put um english on the first place
so teaching the language isn't actually the the top priority
uh however your english lessons uh still might contain some elements
um of the clear approach and we've already uh discussed in the
beginning that um well in general clil is implemented to teach
various subject subjects at school like there are many schools
which um uh use this approach to teach uh some other subjects like geography or
history just using the means of this language however
um your esl classes still can be uh based on the same
methodology and they and you actually may implement some techniques
in your classes and now i would like to show you like
several examples of the lessons i created for my business english student i actually
didn't create the lessons itself i used um the ready already made materials
but i believe that they are actually corresponding the clear approach
uh and they are pretty successful because even my student like my student uh
mentioned that uh he enjoys that we um not just to learn the language but we
also learn some specific um subjects he is interested in so let me change
the slide um i'm going to stop sharing my presentation but i am going
to share my mirror
with the student uh who i work with using this methodology
um so i hope you can see it um clear so um
yeah as i have already mentioned i don't create lessons myself sometimes i
do that but uh it's it's really rare i usually take some ready materials and uh this resource which is
called uh esl brains offers a lot of lessons
ready-made lessons which actually are based uh on uh
like partially based on the clil methodology so um just some uh as a background
about my english about my business english student uh so he is preparing for
um an interview for like an i.t uh developer position
in the u.s that is why he asked me to um offer
not just uh general english but also uh english which can help him to go
through the interview uh and also to um like work
uh efficient uh in this [Music]
in this english environment uh so this lesson was actually devoted
to an elevator pitch and first of all we worked
on this text so as i've mentioned uh the clue methodology is actually
based on a text it it might be written or it might be spoken so this lesson was based uh
on the written text uh and first we worked with the text itself
uh we read about this elevator pitch uh and then uh worked with the structure
and some uh unknown vocabulary then we uh discussed
various parts of the elevator pitch and looked at some examples of
elevator pitches from other people and finally we produced
an elevator peaches ourselves and my student actually enjoyed it so
much and um at the end of the lesson he said that
this is just the best strategy and he can not only use it uh as an elevator page
but he can also put this text in his linkedin account uh in his
linkedin profile and yeah i believe that um such
lessons which integrate uh some other subjects and um
they are not just for for the sake of learning english they are just the most perfect lessons
because they engage students um at like 100 percent
um let me show you another example this lesson um probably not this one
so here this lesson on the contrary was based on the
spoken text so before we started we talked about
the subject itself we discussed like linkedin uh discussed some problems related to
linkedin and then we started uh working with the text itself so it was like um some uh
listen there were some listening listening activities and then worked with the
text content and discussed various points related to the text
itself so this is the way
you can integrate the clear methodology in your esl classroom uh
and again um you can actually implement the the clear
methodology not just in your online lessons but also in a real classroom
and for example as part of my previous experience when i taught in
china i stayed in one and the same classroom
so i stayed with the same children during the day and um we actually used english to
communicate and we we not only had those circle time activities
but where like it was supposed to learn english uh but we also communicated in
some daily um occasions and some daily uh routines and we also needed to
use english as a tool to communicate because basically i couldn't speak
chinese but it was necessary to communicate with
the kids and uh with younger children like with those who are three three to four
years it was even easier to um implement the methodology because their
mother tongue wasn't that developed yet developed yet um but and actually it was like a
language exchange because they taught me and i taught them so that was another
variation of how to um use the clear methodology i believe
and uh yeah let me stop my share of screen sharing and
find my presentation okay so that was um an example
of the clear methodology and if you liked the resource let me just
remind uh the name of the resource once again it is uh called esl brains
dot com so i'm going to send it to the chat box uh so so that you could
search it it's a really nice uh website um and a great resource for students
from the intermediate to advanced level and um it's actually for adults
primarily but with uh some students um with some teenage students i
also like to take some some ready lessons some ready-made
lessons because um because they are content-based and they are really uh interesting
and engaging so students can actually relate to the content
sometimes books i mean course books are not the best um in terms of content
all right so this is actually all um which is related to today's point
um and now uh let's have a quick q and a session so we are almost
40 minutes um live and uh this is the time like the perfect
time limit because i met mentioned that um today's session is going to take place for 45
minutes approximately yeah so if you're interested in
different teaching methodologies and how to implement them in your classrooms
i just invite you to get apple search certified uh and if you scan this qr
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uh which was clear feel free to comment and let me quickly
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okay and let's see the questions
okay [Music]
all right so uh alexey wanted to take part in the live stream he's our um
um he's he's the fan probably because he comes to these live sessions uh regularly
but i hope um he will watch the video later all right
um yeah thanks guys so much for sharing your feedback with
me because um it's super important uh so that i could know that
this content is relevant uh and if you have any um
if you have any suggestion on the future uh topics feel free to
comment as well uh if you are interested in some other methodologies let me know i'll try
to create another live stream related to that point okay
okay so um let me comment on this point um it
wasn't related to the clue methodology but it is related to um the problem
of uh teaching online which i can actually correspond so
if you are worried that you are a non-native speaker and you want to work online
i can say that it is actually possible to work online as a non-native speaker as
well you don't have to be a native speaker and work
online both also you don't have to be a native
speaker um to work abroad it's possible to work as a non-native speaker
as well uh but you have to be proficient um in english like advanced or
proficient uh what else you have to be devil certified uh usually most
schools they actually require uh teachers to have this teaching uh training so
it's also vital and another point is that uh to teach online you can
actually be self-employed for example um i don't i no longer work for
online schools i have my own business i should say because
i work with students without any contractors you know without
any um in intermediates so i just find students myself
and that's all so basically you don't have to be a native speaker it's it's just a matter
of how you position yourself on social media or um i don't know if you're an online
teacher you have to find um a way to promote yourself
online so as for me i do it uh on social media and um i
also have a nice uh network um in my real life so everybody knows that
i am an english teacher and i work online and they uh refer to their friends and this is
how i actually find my students uh sometimes i don't do anything to find
students and that's actually a great thing so
if you want to work online there are actually many ways to find students not just
online schools okay uh hello guys thanks for watching
thanks for tuning tuning in uh i'm glad that you come and i'm super excited to see that we are
a global community uh because there are people from all different parts of the world uh and
as for me i'm actually based in yekaterinburg russia
so i used to work in china and then i came back to russia and started my
online business online small business i should say so
this is how i teach nowadays and yeah it's actually up to you
it's possible to find students um in like in many ways
uh and uh if you want uh to find online platforms where to teach
english i had another online session another live stream
where i talked all things about various teaching platforms um it is
possible to work um on teaching platforms if you are a non-native speaker
and if you want to learn more about uh those life those teaching platforms
just check out one of my previous live streams uh on the itt
um facebook group or otherwise just um
follow my group uh follow my facebook group my personal facebook group or add me as
a friend on facebook and i will send this live stream to your
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about life um about teaching platforms or some other points related to teaching
just feel free to contact me because i might have already done those
live streams before also if you have any questions related
to tefl teaching methodology online teaching whatever
feel free to contact me um i am a friendly person i left i love to
communicate with you guys so if you have any issues any problems
uh feel free to dm me i will try i will try my best to help you to guide
you in this esl teaching world and um i think that is the end of
today's live stream uh that was a really great um
live stream i enjoyed communicating with you uh don't forget to follow itttttt on
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uh for you okay and this is actually all for today have a
have a great day have a great week see you next time bye bye guys
and if you have any feedback for for me please feel free to comment as well