Affected vs Effected - English Grammar - Teaching Tips


This video covers the difference between 'affected' and 'effected'. As these two words have a similar pronunciation and spelling, their usage is often confused. 'Effected' means executed, produced, or brought about. On the other hand, 'affected' refers to the action of making an impact on something. Some example sentences would be: "The BP oil spill adversely affected marine wildlife in the Gulf of Mexico and surrounding areas." or "After the BP oil spill, the government effected sweeping environmental regulation." Both words are used in the past tense in these examples but can also be used in the same way in the present tense as 'affect' and 'effected'. They are also often used as a passive, such as 'was affected by...'.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

I was able to see how the past tense links to the present tense that we learnt in prior chapters especially when considering the perfect tense. I also realised how easy it may be for learners to confuse the present perfect and past perfect tense if they do not get accustomed to practising sentences using these sentences. The existence of irregular verbs was also good to note.This unit gives examples of the types of students, individuals or groups, that a foreign language teacher may encounter - including possibilities about children and business groups. Each section included the positives and negatives of such groups and useful guidelines to follow. It is very useful in this unit that there are also activity ideas included for each type of group.

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