The Main Points of Child Development and Their Relation to TEFL Teaching
What are children capable of learning at various stages in their development? How do children develop the intellectual skills to react and interact with their environment? How do these cognitive abilities develop, and in what order?
1. Sensorimotor stage
Birth through to about two years: During this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and the manipulation of objects.
2. Preoperational stage
Ages 2 through to 7 years: During this stage, children develop memory and imagination. They are also able to understand things symbolically and to understand the ideas of the past and future.
3. Concrete operational stage
Ages 7 through to 11 years: During this stage, children become more aware of external events, as well as feelings other than their own. They become less selfish and understand that not everyone shares their thoughts, beliefs, or feelings.
4. Formal operational stage
Ages 11 and older: During this stage, children can use logic to solve problems, view the world around them, and plan for the future.
There are a few spotting development delays. Even though babies develop at their own pace, every child should do specific tasks by certain ages.
These tasks fall into five main categories:
- Gross motor skills = such as crawling and walking
- Fine motor skills = such as stacking blocks and colors
- Language skills = Including speech and comprehension
- Thinking skills
- Social interaction
They say that child development is significant for every child from an early age in their life, from birth to the age of 7 years is the best time to learn or teach a child.
To teach older children in a classroom environment, the following is there to help them:
- Child development
- Classroom development
- The five types of skills
- Receptive skills of reading and listening
- Receptive skills of speaking and writing
- Drilling method
- Games and songs in the classroom
- Motivating a child
There are the 5 Theories of Child Development
Erikson's Psychosocial Developmental Theory: Key to the outcomes of the child stages and those afterward are social interaction and experience principles.
Bowlby's Attachment Theory: Child development is based on children's innate need to form attachments. These attachments may involve any number of people, places, or things and ultimately have a substantial effect on onward development patterns throughout life.
Freud's Psychosexual Developmental Theory: Freud explained that child experiences, experienced at different ages in childhood, directly go on to dictate personality and behavior patterns in the later adult.
Bandura's Social Learning Theory: This theory states that while much child learning and development come from direct experience, much also comes from modeling and simple observations.
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory: Children quite think differently than adults.
Experts in medicine and science have marveled for decades over how children develop. This fascinating area of study continues to yield many questions: "What affects child development?", "At which ages are development most susceptible to external effects," "What all can be done to maximize child growth and minimize detriments to it?" and many more like these. In response to such questions, many theories have abounded. The following five child development theories are among some of the most expertly recognized and utilized today.
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By drilling the same things over and over, will help develop the brain. The right side of the brain is the creative side and coordinates the left side of the body. The left side of the brain performs tasks that have to do with logic, such as in science and mathematics, and controlling the right side of the body.
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