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Lesson Planning for Perfect Results

Lesson Planning for Perfect Results | ITTT | TEFL Blog

For any work to yield the best results, it has to be efficiently executed for which meticulous planning is a must. Teaching is a very responsible work which decides the careers and hence the lives of students. Teaching is not just a routine job that can be done impromptu. Hence it has to be planned.

This post was written by our TEFL certification graduate Eshita P. Please note that this blog post might not necessarily represent the beliefs or opinions of ITTT.

Anticipating Challenges

A teacher teaches different classes each day. Each class has its syllabus which has to be completed within the stipulated time like an academic year, trimester, or semester. A teacher has to plan how he is going to complete the syllabus within the specified period for different classes. Even in the given syllabus, he has to evaluate the difficulty levels of various topics and allocate time for each accordingly. He also has to keep in mind the general uptake levels of each class while allocating time, more for the classes with students poor in uptake, and so on. He will have to emphasize important aspects of the lessons that are the foundation for later lessons.

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Lesson Plan Components

Thus having a lesson plan is very important and an absolute must. He will have to plan the teaching method for each lesson based on the difficulty level of the lesson. He may have to plan for different teaching aids like audio, visual, slides, etc. The same lesson may have to be planned differently for a different batch of students. Bringing in music and movement for younger children can be very effective in learning. Art plays a major role for all young learners as it has been proved that drawing and painting have a deeper and longer understanding of things and subjects. Roleplay and the performing of different stories in the classroom can be interesting activities to help understand the lesson better.

Evaluation and Testing

Also, he has to plan for tests to evaluate students which in turn is an evaluation of the effectiveness of his teaching.

Whenever there is a change in the syllabus he will have to rework on his lesson plan. He may even have to upgrade himself or look at other teaching techniques to cope with the changes.


A lesson plan cannot be rigid. Many times a teacher may have to revise his lesson plan due to unforeseen reasons like holidays, his absence, or even poor learning by the students. If from tests he finds that the majority of the students have not learned a particular lesson, it means that his teaching method of the particular lesson is not effective and hence will have to replan the lesson.

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Thus it may be inferred that a good lesson plan is a tool for a good teacher who not only has to take it seriously while planning but also has to refer and adhere to it. It is not enough to just plan mentally but has to be physical like written or on the computer so that it is ready to refer, review, and modify. Since each teacher has his teaching method, the lesson plans are different for the same lesson by different teachers. Whatever may be the plan, the ultimate aim of the plan should be the same, to complete the syllabus and make the maximum number of students in the class understand and learn it.

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