7 Effective Ways to Teach New Vocabulary
Teaching new words should be organized as a vivid way for better understanding and a higher level of remembering. These activities are easy to implement with any group of students. They are also very adaptable to online teaching format.
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1. Picture it
The easiest way to introduce new vocabulary is to show students colorful pictures. You can use flashcards, magazine images, digital pictures, picture dictionaries, or photographs when helping your students to visualize new words.
2. Keep it Real
Students will remember new vocabulary better if you use real objects in the introduction. It’s also a great method of teaching kinesthetic-style learners as they’ll form stronger connections between real things and lexical concepts. Simply show an object, say the word, write it on the board, and pass the object around and ask each student to repeat the word.
3. Tell it Like it is
This activity is the best for teaching synonyms even without digging too deep. Before introducing a new word, describe a scene in which this word would be used, then, in the next sentence, use the new vocabulary.
E.g.: I eat too much food. I overeat.
4. Sing it Outloud
Use songs to introduce new vocabulary. It will not only aid certain learning types, but it will also bring an element of fun into your classroom. You can choose a simple familiar tune like “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” for younger groups and write your own lyrics with new vocabulary. With older students, select popular songs with the vocabulary you need.
5. Introduce Couples
Try teaching pairs of words at one time. Antonyms are the perfect material for this type of vocabulary instruction. You can also pair synonyms, homonyms, or any other sets of words that have some connection.
6. Get Physical
Use Total Physical Response (TPR), the ESL technique that links a physical movement to English words. Illustrate new words through action as you introduce the word to your students. They repeat the words and the actions that go along with them.
Also Read: 7 Misconceptions about TEFL Uncovered
7. The Root of the Issue
Teaching word roots as you introduce new vocabulary has many benefits for your ESL students. It gives them tools for understanding new vocabulary they have yet to encounter, helps them see the relationships between words, explains the difference between the parts of speech, and can even help them make links between their native language and English.
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