If you have never taught English to complete novices before, the prospect of spending an entire lesson speaking with students who don't comprehend a single word you say may seem frightening. Teaching absolute beginners differs from teaching other courses, as any ESL teacher will tell you. It can be difficult, but it may also be one of the most enjoyable and gratifying language levels to teach. Every new word your students learn is important at this level, and the greatest approach to teaching it is to be as creative and funny as possible.
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Generally, teaching the letters and numbers should be one of your first priorities. You will lay a solid foundation for everything else your students will learn by teaching them the letters and numbers at the start of the course. Ascertain that your students have mastered the alphabet to a certain level before you move onto more complex topics. Allow your students to complete the alphabet at a speed that both you and your class are comfortable with. The goal is to challenge your students, but not too hard.
Next, have your students learn the numbers. Start and stop them as you would with letters, depending on their understanding. Make a worksheet for pupils to practice writing letters and/or numbers on. To reinforce the content learned, make flashcards with a word that starts with each letter of the alphabet. Speakers whose native language uses the Latin or English alphabet may find it easier to learn, while those whose native language doesnât might need some extra help and practice.
When teaching English as a second language, teaching pronunciation is crucial. Consider concentrating on sounds that are particularly difficult for students learning English as a second language, such as the "TH." A number of languages lack the "TH" sound completely. As a result, some ESL students (particularly those from Romance or Slavic language backgrounds) find it difficult to pronounce. Many ESL students also struggle with the "R" sound for a variety of reasons, including the fact that regional dialects pronounce it differently.
Another tough sound for ESL students, particularly those from Asian countries, is "L." Spend some extra time on this letter, and your students will be fine. ESL students, particularly from Spanish-speaking countries, who are used to the letter being silent, often struggle with the "H" sound. It is normally pronounced in English, but when it appears in "gh," as in "laugh," or "sh," as in "fish," students may be confused. Provide as many examples as possible.
Move on to nouns after teaching the alphabet and numbers, as this is one of the easier topics for your students to learn. This is because your students will be able to see everything as a potential learning opportunity. Begin with everyday items in your classroom. Then move on to everyday items in your city or town: car, house, tree, road, etc. Continue with food, electronics, and other items that your students will face in their daily lives.
Once they have a decent amount of vocabulary at their disposal, explain how nouns are modified by adjectives. Adjectives are necessary for effective communication because they allow you to characterize nouns. Because adjectives are only used with nouns, it is best to teach them right after you teach nouns.
Once you have covered nouns and adjectives, you should move on to verbs. Teaching verbs is an important step in helping your students construct whole sentences (written or spoken).
Verbs describe how something is done. To speak, talk, and pronounce are examples of verbs you can teach. Give irregular verbs more attention. The tricky English irregular verb "go" is a wonderful example. "Went" is the past tense of "go," and "go" becomes "gone" when the past participle is used, and so on.
Once you have followed the previous steps and gone over nouns, adjectives, and verbs, you can jump into different grammar patterns.
A good place to start is adverbs. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They are used to add more information to a statement. Adverbs can help your students clarify how or to what degree they performed a certain action. Adverbs contribute to the meaning of verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs by describing or changing their meaning. Adverbs include the words exceedingly, wearily, cheerfully, and easily. It is almost always an adverb when a word ends in -ly.
From there, you can then turn your attention to tenses and other grammar patterns.