Grammar: How to Teach Nouns
Everyone and everything that exists in this world have what it is called or known by, and that automatically is the name of that person or that thing. We can then define a noun as a name given to persons, places, animals, objects, substances, qualities, actions, and measures.
This post was written by our TEFL certification graduate NICODEMUS U. Please note that this blog post might not necessarily represent the beliefs or opinions of ITTT.
CLASSIFICATION OF NOUNS
1. COMMON NOUN:
This is a name given to each member of a group of persons or things that share some common characteristics. Examples: car, television, girl, boy, house, man, book, cup, student, home, watch, leg, hand, clothes, cap, goat, pen, chair, bulb, pencil, door, window, fan, marker, charger, keyboard, mouse, etc.
2. PROPER NOUN:
This is a word for uniqueness. In order words, a proper noun is a name we give to a common noun to make it different from others in the same group or class. Examples: the name of a school, the name of a textbook, the name of a country, the name of a university. Your name is also a proper noun.
Every proper noun must start with a capital letter wherever it is found in a sentence.
3. COLLECTIVE NOUN:
This is a name given to persons or things when they are in a group or in the collection. In other words, it is a name for a collection of things or persons. Examples * A flight or squadron of airplane * A host of angels * A sheaf of arrows or stems * A swarm of bees * A flock of birds * A library of books * A herd of cattle or elephants * A broad of chicks * A set of plates, equipment or tools * A reel or bale of cloth or cotton * A troop of dancers * A board of directors * A shoal of fish * A bunch or bouquet of flowers * A tuft of grass * A team of horses or players * A bevy of beautiful ladies * A pride of lions or monkeys * A clutch of eggs * An anthology of poems * A bunting of flags * A flight of stairs
4. CONCRETE NOUN:
This is a noun that can be seen or touched. Almost all common nouns are concrete nouns.
5. ABSTRACT NOUN:
This is a name for things that cannot be seen or touched, but, most often, can be felt, or are known to exist. Examples: love, faith, fashion, information, news, message, fate, assurance, strength, prowess, correction, discussion, frustration, education, etc.
6. UNCOUNTABLE NOUN:
This is the name of objects that cannot be counted or are thought to be impossible to be separated and counted. It is usually words that are thought of as a quantity or mass. Examples: water, soil, grass, sand, blood, land, jewelry, baggage, luggage, employment, news, work, advice, havoc, traffic, measles, ammunition, evidence, furniture, information, poetry, equipment, etc.
Uncountable nouns should not be pluralized. They are used with partitives such as some, more, much, a lot of, all, a piece of, items of, bits of, etc. They should not be used with a, an, few, these and many.
7. COUNTABLE NOUN:
This is a noun that can be separated from one another and can be counted. They have a singular and plural form. Examples: * Boy - boys * Girl - girls * Church - churches * Chair - chairs * Tomato - tomatoes * Book - books * Radius - radii * Knife - knives * Thief - thieves * Mango - mangoes * Country - countries * Story - stories
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