Productive and Receptive Skills in the ESL Classroom - Speaking Skills - Before the Lesson


For the lesson that even takes place, there are a number of things that you need to have considered. Obviously, you need a very clear idea of what it is you're expecting the students to have to do and they need to know why. It's very important before you ask them to do an activity that they have an understanding of the purpose of that activity. You should, secondly, have had a thought about what they already know. Linked to that is, will it be necessary to do any form of pre-teaching before I can expect them to do this activity and finally, we need to make sure that we have prepared all our materials and our instructions for this particular activity. So, we'll consider a straight arrow ESA lesson, the focus of which is to be speaking skills. So, we'll start with our engage and in a typical lesson, what we might do, is ask our students about the weather in their country and if they know anything about the weather in any other countries. So, throughout this engage phase, what we can be doing, is to be drawing information now from the students, getting that information up onto the board and starting to generate some interest in the topic itself.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit focuses on the methodologies that are used in teaching English. From this unit I have learned that there are a lot of different methodologies that may be suitable in different learning contexts and each has its advantages and disadvantages. The most attention of this unit is given to the ESA method, which I find very effective due to its consistency and flexibility.I have learned different past tenses and their usage as well as how they differ. I have learned that past perfect tense is used when we talk about the action that took place before another past action. While past perfect continuous is used when we talk about actions and situations that had been going on up to the past moment. And past simple usually indicates or implies time.

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