Productive and Receptive Skills in the ESL Classroom - Accuracy vs. Fluency


Before we move on to the planning of a lesson for speaking skills, something that we need to look at first is the idea of the accuracy versus the fluency of speaking. Accuracy relates to the correct usage of grammar and vocabulary, whereas fluency relates to our ability to continue speaking without any interruption. Now, ultimately within a whole ESA lesson or within language learning itself fluency and accuracy are equally important. Within an ESA lesson, however, depending upon which stage we're at in that lesson, then we're either focusing on accuracy or we're focusing on fluency. Remember in the ESA lesson, in the study phase, this is where we're looking at the target language where we're doing our language learning, so it's very important in this stage that we focus on the accuracy of the language, whereas in the activate stage we're trying to get the students to use the language in the realistic way and what we want them to do there is to focus on fluency.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

I enjoyed this unit very much though, as usual, I had difficulty with the lesson planning. This is certainly an area I need to review and review. I think it is an excellent way to plan and teach but I still get confused what activity belongs in what position. Other than the lesson planning, the rest of it felt so comfortable as I have been an elementary teacher since 1974.It was good to learn about how to use course book, and studying materials, and how to combine both of them to reach the aim of the studying, And also how to choose the materials which are suitable for the student, to make them more motivate, and also we know what is the difference between the authentic materials, and created materials, and for which students we can use them

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