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TEFL Videos - The Future Tenses - Future Simple - Structure and Usages
Now let's look at the future tenses. We'll focus first on the future simple tense. The future simple tense is used to indicate actions of course in the future. So, in order to form at least for the positives when you use our subject first. It could be any subject you like, here we're using 'we', followed by the word 'will' and our main verb 'go': We will go. To make the negative form, we begin with our subject again, followed by 'will' again. Here we've included the word not just before our main verb 'go'. 'Will not' of course can be contracted into 'won't' and the sentence will still be fine. To create the question, again, we invert our words, so 'will' begins the question. We keep our subject after that and use the main verb in its base form 'will we go'. 'Will' can often be substituted with other modal verbs. This would indicate varying levels of certainty. We could substitute the words might or may for will in this context. Additionally for questions, especially, when making suggestions and in more formal situations, we may substitute the word shall for will. This will result in a question such as shall we go. The usages for the future simple are as follows. We have spontaneous decisions: I'll go with you. Somebody has just told you that they're going to go to the store. You need two things in the store as well, then you immediately decide and say 'I'll go with you'. We have predictions without evidence. It'll rain tomorrow. There might not be a cloud in the sky but I'll still could make a prediction that it will rain tomorrow. Future facts: I'll be 21 next year. I'm 20 now but in the future I'll be 21. We also have promises and threats often heard weddings: 'I'll love you forever'.